Shaping the tiles
After selecting the desired type of clay it needs to be flattened using a roller. This is an important stage in the process – precise flattening ensures that the thickness of tiles is consistent and that the tiles are devoid of air bubbles. After the clay has been rolled, we can proceed to giving it the desired shape. In the photo you can see the results of one of our most recent orders – a batch of popular hexagons. The photo has been used with the client’s permission.
For cutting tiles from the rolled clay we use special cutters or moulds specially produced for a given order using materials such as plaster. Precise cutting ensures each tile retains the desired shape and high quality. At the moment when tiles are given their ultimate form the clay is still malleable – we have to keep this in mind so we do not deform the tile.
Drying before firing
Don’t forget that the cut tiles are still malleable, and before we put them in the ceramic oven they must dry. This is an important stage in the process to guarantee the final quality of the tile – if we put moist tiles into the oven, they can be seriously deformed. The drying process takes from a few days to as much as two weeks. When the tiles are dry, we polish their edges by hand to ensure they are even and smooth.
Glaze is a coating we dip the tiles into. At an appropriately high temperature (600 – 1400°C) the glaze melts, covers the tiles and gives them the desired colour. Some glazes guarantee a uniform colour coating, while others generate incredible visual effects. The glazed tiles are placed back into the oven and fired again.
As you can see, the production of tiles is a multi-phase process that requires thorough knowledge on the part of the artisan. Experience and passion means that the tiles produced by Kafloteka fulfil the high expectations of our clients, pleasing the senses and evoking admiration from guests in their home.